Understanding Minnesota Property Tax
Property taxes are based on the classification of your property and market value of your home or property as determined by the County, and is also impacted by:
- Increases or decreases to property values
- New construction that increases a taxing district’s base may lower rates
- Property tax levies imposed by the city, county, school districts and special taxing districts, as well as federal and state mandates
Property Tax Statements and Valuation Notices will be sent in March.
Dakota County mails property tax statements and valuation notices every March. This valuation will be the basis for your 2025 property taxes.
If you have questions or concerns about your property valuation or classification, contact the Dakota County Assessor’s Office at 651-438-4200 or via email at firstname.lastname@example.org, or fill out an online form at www.co.dakota.mn.us/homeproperty/assessing/appeal.
If your concern is not resolved after discussing with your assessor, you have two options:
1. Bring your case to the Special County Board of Appeal and Equalization. Call 651-438-4200 before May 1 for an appointment and more information.
2. Petition the Minnesota Tax Court at 651-539-3260. Tax petitions can be filed after you receive your Notice of Valuation and before April 30.
The first half of your property taxes are due to Dakota County in May, and the second half in October. The Dakota County Assessor’s Office provides information on property tax payment dates, how to read your property tax statement, definitions for property tax terms, how property taxes are determined and property tax resources.
Visit www.co.dakota.mn.us/HomeProperty to learn more.
Property Tax Refund Programs
Several state programs exist to assist eligible residents with the rising cost of property taxes. For additional information about property tax refunds and programs, visit the Minnesota Department of Revenue’s website at www.revenue.state.mn.us/property-tax-refund or call its tax helpline at 651-296-3781.
Homeowner’s Homestead Credit Refund
Minnesota has two property tax refund programs for homeowners: the regular Homestead Credit Refund (based on your income and property taxes) and the special Homestead Credit Refund (based on how much your property tax increased). You may qualify for either or both of these refunds depending on your income and property tax increase, if you:
- Own and occupy a home
- Have your home classified as a homestead with your county
- Pay or arrange to pay your property taxes
Learn more about these programs, see if you’re qualified and download an application at www.revenue.state.mn.us/homeowners-homestead-credit-refund.
Senior Citizens Property Tax Deferral Program
This low-interest loan program for qualified seniors limits property taxes to 3% of their total household income. The state pays the remainder as a loan. When you sell your home or voluntarily cancel the deferral, you must repay the loan plus interest (rate not to exceed 5%). The state may take individual tax refunds or other payments and apply them to this loan. You may qualify if all of the following are true:
- You are 65 or older in the year you apply. If married, one of you is 65 or older and the other is at least 62.
- Your household income is $96,000 or less.
- You have owned and lived in your home for the last 5 years.
- Your home has been homesteaded for 5 years.
- You do not have a reverse mortgage, a life estate, or any state or federal liens on your property.
- Other liens against your property are less than 75% of the estimated market value.
Call Minnesota Department of Revenue at 651-295-3781 for questions or more information, or visit